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Posts Tagged ‘occupied japan’


The Second World War (abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict lasting from 1939 to 1945 which involved most of the world’s nations, including all great powers, organised into two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis.  It was the most widespread war in history, with more than 100 million military personnel mobilised.  In a state of “total war,” the majority participants placed their entire economic, industrial and scientific capabilities towards the war effort erasing the distinction between civilian and military resources. This war was marked by significant acts against civilians, the Holocaust and Nuclear bombs. It was the deadliest conflict in human history with over seventy million casualties.

The start of the war is generally believed to be September 1, 1939, when Nazi Germany invaded Poland. Most European countries such as France and the British declared war on Nazi Germany at that time. Those that were not involved in war eventually joined the coalition in response to events of aggression against them such as the German invasion of Russia and the Japanese attack on the U.S. Pacific Fleet at Pearl Harbor and on British colonies that triggered war on Japan by the United States, Britain and the Netherlands.

The war ended in 1945 in an Allied victory and a changed world.  The United Nations was established to enhance cooperation among nations and at the same time the U.S. and Russia (two Super Powers) entered into a “cold war”  that lasted for the next 46 years. Throughout this period of time Western Europe moved towards economic recovery and only recently in history has the world moved towards political integration opening up international business and foreign trade for average American citizens like you and I.

My mother was 23 years old at the beginning of the war. Trained as a school teacher but having other interest she moved from the farm where she was raised in the midwest to California and was involved in the war effort as an arc welder on airplanes.  My father also in his 20s was drafted in the Navy and served as a boilerman on a destroyer  based in the Philipines but visiting San Francisco occasionally which is where my parents met.  It is a fascinating time of history and the collectibles from the war years are varied and many.  Here are a few of my own:

         

A 48 star American Flag that flew on the destroyer USS Ellet during the war and a picture of the destroyer. ca. 1942

 

I have had many questions as to the authenticity of this flag.  The flag belonged to my father who served on the USS Ellet in WW II and was given the flag by the ship’s Captain. Also, doing my research I found that the size of the flag is important.  The flag is 29″ x 57″.  Many of the commercial civilain flags sold during this period would have been too large to fly on a ship and not sturdy enough to endure the weather at sea. Also the number of grommets on the flag are important. Many of the civilian commercially sold flags of the period have two grommets or none.  This authentic Navy flag has four grommets.  The clincher is that this flag is clearly stamped U.S. ENS – 11. This is a Naval quartermaster issue number.  If you still don’t believe then do your own research.  Find out what size and kind of flags were issued to Naval ships in WWII, they were standard issue.  It’s not that hard.  In addition to that I have my father’s DD 214 which documents his service as well as my grandfather’s Army discharge paperwork from WW I, as a machinegunner, my brother’s DD 214 documenting his Vietnam service as a comabt engineer and my own DD 214 and many documets showing  that I served faithfully as an Army Combat Medic for 23 years. I retired in 1994.  My family has a history of military service and it is documented.

    

A naval Training Unit ca. 1941.  Every man signed the back and where they were from.  All were participants of  WW II.

         

Interesting documents requesting permission to bring back to U.S. from Germany captured military equipment ie; 1 German Rifle

 

         

WW II Songbook for Soldiers and Sailors and song sheet pamphlet. Official Issue.

The first photo is of a U. S. WW II Songbook “Songs of the Soldiers and Sailors”.  Has some nice WW II photos in it and of course many military songs of the period.  This was an official U.S. issued item for new recruits and was issued at Camp Zachary to a Pvt. Clarence H. Call.  Pvt. Call made a notation in the song book, “Germans captured Sept. 14th.”  The copyright is the Washington Government Printing Office 1917, Patent applied for. Also shown is a song sheet pamphlet given recruits by the Louisville War Camp Community Service, Louisville, KY. This pamphlet was compiled by E. Rowland Dawson, War Department Commission on Traininig Camp Activities.

         

Serving in the U. S. Navy window banner. ca. 1942

Shown above is a window banner that Momma’s put in the front picture window of their home proudly showing their support for their boys faithful service during WW II.

         

Navy pennant. U. S. Naval Training Center, Farragut, Idaho

         

Fancy pillow cover,  WW II, Red, White and Blue, “God Bless America”.

 

    

Occupied Japan figurines.

 

    

A beer Stein made in the WW II French Zone immediately after the War.

 

WWII collectibles are not hard to find and are an eclectic group of items.  For instance I used to have an ashtray shaped into a bomber that was made from brass shell casings.  Start looking for those interesting WWII collectibles it is a great period to collect for.  Visit my store on eBay to see more WWII artifacts or check out my booth at Bonanzle. URL is listed in Blogroll at the right.

For all collectors, happy collecting and remember “the best is yet to come.”

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Noritake imports to the U.S. market ceased with the bombing of Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. During the course of the war Noritake did sustain some bomb damage and workers as well as materials were in limited supply but the factory did not close. It produced mostly dinnerware for domestic use in Japan.   

For the period from the end of World War II in 1945 through 1952 The U.S. and its allies occupied Japan.  Noritake wares from circa 1948 – 1952 may bear a number of marks including “Made in Occupied Japan” and “Occupied Japan.” It was not illegal for Japanese artist to label their work just “Japan” or “Made in Japan” during this period so not all items made were marked “Occupied”.

From my collection:

     

Figurines, “Made in Occupied Japan”

 

In the 1946 – 1947  recovery period for post-war Japan, Noritake production for American servicemen became an important part of their economic recovery.  Noritake marked their items immediately after the war as “Rose China”  However, it is believed by collectors that this period’s wares were not of the quality as pre-war years.  Noritake sales to the U.S. Military PXs continued for many years as a significant market as GIs would buy Noritake wares to send home to loved ones. But also, it is important to keep in mind that the U.S. consumer was reluctant to purchase Japanese wares immediately after the war.   Those sentiments eventually wore off and by 1948 Noritake china again became available in the U.S. markets.

Sango China – Made in Occupied Japan. Service of 12  (78 peices total).

    

This has been in my family for many years.  We use it every Thanksgiving and Christmas. Of course I always wash the dishes as all peices are in perfect condition!

For today’s collector, the questions that surround markings of Noritake and the Morimura brothers operations can be extensive.  The loss of  company records during the war makes some questions forever unanswerable. There are some records in “old Japanese” that are yet untranslated. The questions of the color of backstamps, the many different types of backstamps, the dates that peices were made, and the factory location they were made in is questionable by many experienced collectors.  Various collectors have various timelines, so if you collect this porcelain it is important to research and decide for yourself.  Some people call all china made in Japan “Nippon” and I hope I have clearly defined that is just not the case.

Note: The use of a new backstamp, the letter “N” in a wreath was adopted in 1953 by Noritake repacing the long used “M” in a wreath making Noritake wares immediateloy collectible worldwide. From 1945 to 1952, occupation of Japan by the Allied Occupation Forces had been in place and many backstamps for this period say “Made in Occupied Japan”, also collectible because of the limited supply.

In my next post I will discuss Dragonware until then Happy Collecting and remember the best is yet to come.

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